Built Environment

The built environment is defined as that part of the physical surroundings created and organised as a result of human urban activity. The term is mostly used in relation to buildings and other structures which are functionally connected with human activity such as bridges, roads, weirs.

This page is a portal to information on the history of the City’s built environment:


  • Yandhai Nepean Crossing
  • Knapsack Gully Viaduct – Lapstone Hill
  • Lapstone Zig Zag
  • Glenbrook Tunnel
  • Lennox Bridge
  • Victoria BridgeRailway Bridge


  • Castlereagh Methodist Church
  • St Mary Magdalene Anglican Church (Great Western Highway, St Marys)
  • St Nicholas of Myra Catholic Church (High Street Penrith)
  • St Stephen the Martyr Anglican Church (High Street Penrith)

Penrith City Council Civic Centre and Central Library


  • Melrose Hall, Emu Plains, NSW

Houses – Penrith

  • Combewood
  • Thornton Hall

Houses – Regentville

  • Glenleigh
  • Regent Villa

Houses – St Marys

  • Bronte
  • Mimosa
  • Mamre