Luddenham

Location: Where is Luddenham?

Luddenham, New South Wales Australia, is located in the most southern corner of the City of Penrith. It is a sparsely populated rural district. The pretty little village of Luddenham is split between two local government areas, Penrith and Liverpool. The east side of the village, east of the northern Road is situated in Liverpool City, while its western side is within Penrith. Luddenham has a western boundary with Wallacia and an eastern boundary with Kemps Creek. The Sydney Water pipeline is its northern boundary while its southern boundaries are Elizabeth Drive and the Northern Road. Luddenham has a picturesque rural setting combining a rural lifestyle with the convenience of major roads connecting Penrith, Liverpool and Camden.

33 56′ S 150 45′ E

Postcode: 2745 Population: 1828 (2016 Census) Distance from Sydney: 61.5 km W
Area: 23.26 km2 or 2,326 ha Density: 0.73 people per ha Luddenham NSW on Google Maps

Government Electorates

Local Government: Luddenham is located in South Ward of the Penrith Local Government area.

State Government: Luddenham is located in the State Government Electorate of Mulgoa.

Federal Government: Luddenham is located in the Federal Government Electorate of Lindsay and Macarthur.

Aboriginal Districts: Luddenham is located in the Deerubbin Local Aboriginal Land Council Area.

Schools

Aboriginal History

The Mulgoa Valley marked an important boundary between two major clans – the Dharug from the plains and the Gundungurra from the mountains. These clans were separated, not only by the valley, but also linguistically. The Mulgoa Valley was used by both clans. Groups travelled along it to attend ceremonies, to barter foodstuffs, and, especially during periods of drought, as a source of food and water. As the Nepean River was a permanent water supply the lands in close proximity to the river could always be relied upon to provide food reserves. The Mulgoa area saw numerous bloody encounters between the European and Aboriginal inhabitants of the area, especially during periods of drought, when food supplies were scarce. However, it appears that the clashes were between the Gundungarra clans and the Europeans, rather than the Mulgoa band of the Dharug clan, which remained peaceful. For more general information on the Dharug people please see The Dharug Story by Chris Tobin (Penrith City Library collection 994.004 DHA). It is also available online.

Origin of the place name – Luddenham

John Blaxland, elder brother of the more famous Gregory, received a grant of 6710 acres on 30 November 1813, which he named Luddenham. The property, which was situated between South Creek and the Nepean River, was named after the family property in Kent, England.

The Blaxlands had originally been encouraged to emigrate to NSW by Sir Joseph Banks, who recognised the need for experienced farmers with plenty of capital to invest. The policy developed by Governor Macquarie in his term of office, of granting large land grants to the wealthy was also designed with this in mind. Initially however, under Governor Bligh the grants of land to the Blaxlands had been much smaller, and both John and Gregory had numerous disagreements with the Governor. They were therefore, strong opponents of Bligh at the time of the Rum Rebellion.

The property was chiefly used to graze and breed dairy cattle, though grapes and some other crops were grown. The Blaxlands were the first Australians to export wine. John did not live on the property but employed others to oversee and work this land. Among those employed were German and Swiss families brought out to Australia especially to work in the vineyards. Many descendants of these families still live in the area.

The village of Luddenham, straddling this original property, grew with the provision of a school in 1860, a store and the Thistle Inn. Those who settled in the area were generally horse or cattle breeders, farmers or orchardists. The area remains rural, despite some recent subdivision and residential development.

Historical Timeline

1807John Blaxland & his family arrived in the colony
1813NovemberJohn Blaxland received a land grant of 6710 acres, which he named Luddenham
1845John Blaxland died. Luddenham estate sold to Sir Charles Nicholson
1860A petition opposing the District of Penrith becoming a Municipality was signed by at least 41 householders in Luddenham
1860NovemberLuddenham Public School opened
1869Luddenham estate sold to Joseph W. Lowe
187013 JulyFoundation stone laid for St James’ Anglican Church
1886Luddenham Hall built c.1886
1892First Luddenham Agricultural Show
1923Vicary’s Winery commenced
2000MarchLocal residents have asked the Boundaries Commission to include Luddenham village in Penrith. (SMH 15 March 2000)

Bibliography

For photos and more information on Luddenham, search Penrith City Library’s catalogue using an All Resources search.

Historical

  • Murray, Robert and White, Kate Dharug & Dungaree: The History of Penrith and St Marys to 1860, Penrith City Council, Penrith, 1988
  • Nepean District Historical Society, From Castlereagh to Claremont Meadows: Historical Places of Penrith City Council, Penrith, 1997.
  • Stacker, Lorraine Pictorial history: Penrith & St Marys, Kingsclear Books, 2002.
  • Stapleton, E. South Creek – St. Marys – From Village to City St. Marys. St. Marys Historical Society. 1983.
  • Stevenson, Colin R., Place Names and their Origins within the City of Penrith, Penrith City Council, Penrith, 1985.
  • Stickley, Christine, The Old Charm of Penrith, 2nd ed., the author, St. Marys, 1984.