Agnes Banks

Agnes Banks, New South Wales Australia, is located on the uppermost northwest boundary of the City of Penrith. This locality is placed within two local government areas. The small village of Agnes Banks is within the Hawkesbury City Council Area. Agnes Banks is connected to Penrith by Castlereagh Road which runs alongside the Nepean River between Richmond and Penrith. This suburb was settled as early as 1804 by Andrew Thompson who leased his land out to tenant farmers on the gently undulating alluvial farmlands. Natural woodlands and sandy deposits make up the higher landscape of this suburb. Agnes Banks is a rural outpost of the City of Penrith which has kept its intrinsic agricultural value and rural lifestyle.

33 36′ S 150 43′ E

Postcode: 2753 Population: 411 (2006 Census) Distance from Sydney: 63 km NW

Area: 11.4 km2 or 1140 ha Density: 0.88 people per hectare (2006 Census)

Agnes Banks NSW on Google Maps


Government Electorates

Local Government: Agnes Banks is located in North Ward of the Penrith Local Government area.

State Government: Agnes Banks is located in the State Government Electorate of Londonderry.

Federal Government: Agnes Banks is located in the Federal Government Electorate of Lindsay.

Aboriginal Districts: Agnes Banks is located in the Deerubbin Local Aboriginal Land Council Area. 

Landscape Profile
The establishment of a nature reserve having an area of approximately 66 hectares on Rickards Road at Agnes Banks was first proposed by the National Parks and Wildlife Service to Penrith City Council in 1987. The region according to the Service contained distinctive vegetation which needed to be retained for scientific research purposes.

The Agnes Banks Conservation Reserve includes an area of Pliocene-Pleistocene sand with distinctive vegetation and an area of tertiary alluvium. The sand deposit originally covered some 6000 ha and was formed into a series of low stable, longitudinal dunes with internal drainage. The area has been extensively degraded by sand extraction operations.


  • Rough Barked Apple/ Red Gum/Cabbage Gum
  • Eucalyptus amplifolia / E. fibrosa / E. tereticornis / Angophora subvelutina / Melaleuca decora / Bursaria spinosa
  • Eucalyptus parramattensis / E. sclerophylla / E. gummifera / Melaleuca decora / Angophora bakeri / Hakea sericia / Banksia spinulosa / Themeda australis / Eragrostis brownii
  • Eucalyptus sclerophylla / Angophora Bakeri / Banksia serrata / B. aemula / Acacia bynoeana / Restio pallens / Persoonia nutans / Petrophile sessilis / Leucopogon virgatus

Agnes Banks Woodland by D. H. Benson, Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney. This paper is drawn largely from our recent books on Sydney vegetation, Benson & Howell (1990) and Benson & McDougall (1991).

At Agnes Banks near Richmond is an isolated deposit of windblown sand with an interesting shrub-dominated community, floristically similar to that found on coastal sand dunes such as Myall Lakes, and in the eastern suburbs of Sydney before European settlement. Vegetation ranges from woodland to low woodland, with small areas of open-scrub. The characteristic tree species on well-drained sites are Eucalyptus sclerophylla and Angophora baker) and on
poorly drained sites Eucalyptus parramattensis. Banksia serrata and the closely related Banksia aemula are generally a smaller but very distinctive tree species found on well drained sites.

Urban Bushland In Western Sydney: Proceedings of a Seminar held at Werrington Campus, University of Western Sydney, March 23rd 1991. First published in Australia 1992, by the Nature Conservation Council of NSW, 39 George St., Sydney 2000.
Copyright: Nature Conservation Council of NSW.

Land Use profile

Extractive Industries

The Agnes Banks high level sand deposits have been subject to extractive industry operations since the 1950s. The material in these deposits is thought to be wind blown sands originating from the Grose Valley and not associated with the sedimentary sand deposits of the Nepean River Valley. The sands overlie clay deposits. Leaching action has created a grading within the deposits and in some areas the upper levels have a significant organic content. The sands are extracted for purposes such as filling, bricklaying, concrete industry and the manufacture of special sands for the glass industry.

In 1967 and 1969 Penrith City Council issued consents to P.B. White Minerals Pty Ltd. and Farley and Lewers Pty Ltd. to extract sand from land held under permissive occupancies from the Crown Lands Office as well as land under private tenure. Ten years later Penrith City Council issued development consent to K.H. Dixon Pty Ltd. to operate an extractive industry in the area.
Source: Penrith City Council, Commission of Inquiry into Interim Conservation Order the Natural Area, Agnes Banks: Primary Submission, September 1988.

 Historical profile

For more general information on the Dharug people please see The Dharug Story by Chris Tobin (Penrith City Library collection 994.004 DHA).

Origin of the place name

Andrew Thompson (1773 –1810), an emancipated convict was granted 278 acres on the banks of the Nepean River by Governor King in 1804. Situated near the Yarramundi Lagoon, he named his grant Agnes Bank after his mother Agnes Hilson and rented these fertile river flats out to suitable tenants for food production. Thompson became well-known in Windsor and was later named the “Father of Windsor”. He was a builder, farmer, brewer, tanner and was the Chief Constable at Green Hills (later Windsor) until 1808. Andrew Thompson died in 1810 at Windsor. His property was sold in 1815 to John Campbell who built two farmhouses, one of which later became known as ‘Osborne’.


Historical Timeline

1792 Andrew Thompson arrived as a convict.
1803 31 May Charles Palmer granted 100 acres near Yarramundi Lagoon.
1803 1 May Mathew Gibbons received two land grants
1803 1 June William Baxter (ex-NSW Corps) received 80 acres
1803 1 June John Bayliss (ex-NSW Corps) received 200 acres.
1804 11 August Governor King granted Andrew Thompson 278 acres on the banks of Nepean River.
1804 11 August William Minchin granted 280 acres
1810 22 October Andrew Thompson died at his home.
1810 30 November Governor Macquarie visited Agnes Banks on his tour of New South Wales.
1815 Governor Macquarie’s Secretary John Campbell purchased part of Agnes Banks.
1823 Campbell leased his farm and farmhouse.
1838 Robert and Charlotte Williams purchased Agnes Banks.
1839 Robert Williams died.
1879 Public School built and named Yarramundi.
1879 John Williams purchased the southern portion of Agnes Banks and named his property “Tyreel”.
1880 Williams built a two-storey mansion on Tyreel.
1890s Agnes Banks common was subdivided into 40 acres blocks.
1893 May St Paul’s Anglican Church erected.
1895 9 September Castlereagh Municipal Council proclaimed.
1900 Post Office opened
1926 Ronald Barr purchased a portion of Agnes Banks and named the house there “Osborne”.
1940s Tex Morton ran the ‘Dude Ranch’ and guest house.
1949 Castlereagh Municipal Council amalgamated with Penrith Municipal Council.
1966 Post Office closed.
1970 School at Agnes Banks closed.
1980s St Paul’s Church relocated to Richmond.


For more information on Agnes Banks:


  • Penrith City Council Commission of Inquiry into Interim Conservation Order the Natural Area, Agnes Banks: Primary Submission, September 1988.
  • Cleland, Kevin The Natural Area Agnes Banks, Commission of Inquiry for Environment and Planning, December 1988.


  • Murray, Robert and White, Kate Dharug & Dungaree: The History of Penrith and St Marys to 1860. Penrith City Council, Penrith, 1988.
  • Nepean District Historical Society From Castlereagh to Claremont Meadows: Historical Places of Penrith City Council, Penrith, 1997.
  • Parr, Lorna A History of the Nepean and District Street Names, Nepean District Historical Society, Penrith, 1990.
  • Parr, Lorna Penrith Calendar, Nepean District Historical Society, 1987.
  • Penrith City Library Local Subject File – Agnes Banks.
  • Phipps, R. J., The History of St Paul’s Church 1893-1977: St. Pauls Church of England, Agnes Banks, NSW, the author, 1977.
  • Stacker, Lorraine Pictorial history: Penrith & St Marys, Kingsclear Books, 2002.
  • Stevenson, Colin R.  Place Names and their Origins within the City of Penrith, Penrith City Council, Penrith, 1985.
  • Stickley, ChristineThe Old Charm of Penrith, 2nd ed., the author, St. Marys, 1984.