Location: Where is Mulgoa?
Mulgoa, New South Wales Australia, is located south of the suburbs of Regentville and Glenmore Park within the City of Penrith. The Nepean River runs along its western boundary with the village of Wallacia located to its south. The suburbs of Kemps Creek and Orchard Hills run along its eastern border. Mulgoa today has gone full circle, from the early farming, vineyards and orchards, to the guest houses of the first part of the twentieth century, it is now an area of extensive hobby and general farming, with some tourist through traffic. The twin villages of Mulgoa and Wallacia add value to the City of Penrith because they retain strong connections with the early pioneers who initially settled the area.33 49′ S 150 39′ E
Postcode: 2745 Population: 1,898 (2016 Census) Distance from Sydney: 66 km W
Area: 55.49 km2 or 5549 ha Density: 0.39 people per ha Mulgoa NSW on Google Maps


Government Electorates

Local Government: Mulgoa is located in South Ward of the Penrith Local Government area. Next elections will be held in 2020.

State Government: Mulgoa is located in the State Government Electorate of Mulgoa. Next elections are scheduled for March 2019.
Federal Government: Mulgoa is located in the Federal Government Electorate of Lindsay. Next elections will be held in 2019.
Aboriginal Districts: Mulgoa is located in the Deerubbin Local Aboriginal Land Council Area.




The Penrith Region is situated physiographically in the Cumberland Lowlands. The geological formations are known as the Middle Triassic Wianamatta Group. This group consists of two formations, the Ashfield Shale and the overlying Bringelly Shale. Ashfield Shale consists of laminite and dark grey to black siltstone. Minchinbury Sandstone often separates Ashfield and Bringelly Shales and consists of fine to medium-grained quartz lithic sandstone. All sit on the Hawkesbury Sandstone which includes the Mittagong Formation.

Quaternary alluvium occurs along the major water courses and varies depending on the distance material has been transported; however it generally consists of silty-clayey sands and gravels. Tertiary sediments overlie the Wianamatta Group in some areas. Londonderry Clay, Rickabys Creek Gravels and the St. Marys Formation all derive from sandstone and clay. The Bringelly Shales are the most dominant and consist of shale (claystone and siltstone), carbonaceous claystone, laminite and fine to medium lithic sandstone.

This well-drained area has a number of creeks which cut across it, generally flowing northwards. They cross an area of low hills and gently undulating plains.

The soil landscape groupings vary from suburb to suburb depending on the physiographical influences which have occurred – e.g. residual, erosional, fluvial, aeolian/alluvial, or disturbed.


Aboriginal History

The Mulgoa Valley marked an important boundary between two major clans – the Dharug from the plains and the Gundungurra from the mountains. These clans were separated, not only by the valley, but also linguistically. The Mulgoa Valley was used by both clans. Groups travelled along it to attend ceremonies, to barter foodstuffs, and, especially during periods of drought, as a source of food and water. As the Nepean River was a permanent water supply the lands in close proximity to the river could always be relied upon to provide food reserves. The Mulgoa area saw numerous bloody encounters between the European and Aboriginal inhabitants of the area, especially during periods of drought, when food supplies were scarce. However, it appears that the clashes were between the Gundungarra clans and the Europeans, rather than the Mulgoa band of the Dharug clan, which remained peaceful.

For more general information on the Dharug people please see The Dharug Story by Chris Tobin (Penrith City Library collection 994.004 DHA). It is also available online. For information on the Aboriginal population of Erskine Park from the 2001 Census of Population and Housing see Population section above.

Origin of the place name – Mulgoa

Unlike many of the suburbs in the Penrith area, Mulgoa has an Aboriginal, rather than a European derivation. It is thought to sound similar to the Aboriginal word meaning black swan. The area was opened for European settlement in 1810 – the first grant of 300 acres being made by Colonel William Paterson- after Governor William Bligh’s departure – to Edward, the four year old son of William Cox, the man later responsible for supervising the building of the first road over the Blue Mountains in 1814-1815. This grant was confirmed by Governor Lachlan Macquarie on his arrival in the Colony. Several more large grants were made to other members of the Cox family, including William himself, George and Henry.

The Cottage built by William for his sons and their tutor in 1811, and later used by his sons before their own homes were built, still stands, and is one of the oldest homes remaining in the Penrith area. The Mulgoa Valley became, for a period, the architectural showpiece of the Colony, with the homes of the numerous members of the Cox family, the Nortons and others being consistently of a grand nature.

Historical Timeline

1810   First land grant in district. 300 acres to Edward Cox
1811   The Cottage built by William Cox for his sons and their tutor
1825   Henry Cox built Glenmore on land which was once Luttrell land grant.
1836 22 August Foundation stone laid for St Thomas Anglican Church.
1838 13 September St Thomas Anglican Church consecrated.
1868 29 March Rev. Thomas Hassall, first minister at St Thomas’ Mulgoa died.
1852   James J Riley Penrith’s first mayor (1871) purchased Glenmore.
1893 26 July Mulgoa proclaimed a municipality.
1927   Glenmore Country Club established with 18 hole
1949 1 January Mulgoa Municipality joined with Castlereagh, St. Marys, and Penrith Municipalities to form one large Municipality of Penrith.
1984   Local Environmental Study of Mulgoa and Wallacia (Penrith City Council)
1993   Nepean District Christian School opened on Mulgoa Road.
1999 June Release of the Mulgoa & Wallacia Study and Strategy by Penrith City Council


Historic buildings & places

Mulgoa1.jpg (33210 bytes)

Assumed to have been erected around 1810-1811 for Captain William Cox. Brick and stone building with shingled roof.

Penrith City Library Photographic Collection

St Thomas' Church

St Thomas Anglican Church, Mulgoa, built in 1839,

Penrith City Library Photographic Collection

Winbourne.jpg (25102 bytes)

Winbourne, front view. c1920s.

Penrith City Library Photographic Collection


For photos and more information on Mulgoa, search Penrith City Library’s catalogue using an All Resources search.

  • Bannerman, S.M. & Hazelton, P.A. Soil Landscapes of the Penrith 1:100000 Sheet
  • Penrith City Council, Local Environmental Study – Mulgoa and Wallacia Villages, Penrith, 1984.
  • Penrith City Council, Mulgoa & Wallacia Rural Villages Study, Penrith, 1999.
  • Penrith City Council, Draft Mulgoa & Wallacia Rural Villages Strategy, Penrith, 1999.


  • Mulgoa! Mulgoa! Where is that? – a General History of Mulgoa, Mulgoa Progress Association, 1988.
  • Murray, Robert and White, Kate Dharug & Dungaree: The History of Penrith and St Marys to 1860, Penrith City Council, Penrith, 1988.
  • Nepean District Historical Society, From Castlereagh to Claremont Meadows: Historical Places of Penrith City Council, Penrith, 1997.
  • Stacker, Lorraine, Pictorial History: Penrith & St Marys , Kingsclear Books, Alexandria, 2002.
  • Stevenson, Colin R., Place Names and their Origins within the City of Penrith, Penrith City Council, Penrith, 1985.
  • Stickley, Christine, The Old Charm of Penrith, 2nd ed., the author, St. Marys, 1984.